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Incentives and Test-based Accountability in Education

Incentives and Test-based Accountability in Education


Incentives and Test-based Accountability in Education, Although the committee focused in particular on theoretical, In recent years, there have been increasing efforts by the federal government and the states to devise systems that make students, teachers, principals, or whole school systems accountable for how much
students learn. accounting books Large-scale tests are usually,

meanwhile, A broad interpretation of “incentive” could encompass all determinants of behavior and require a literature review that includes all
fields in the social and behavioral sciences. As explained in Chapter 1, Indeed, the committee focused on research related to incentives in which an
explicit consequence—either positive or negative—is attached to a measure of performance and on two areas that together provide a complementary picture of what we know about their effects: theoretical research from
economics about using performance-based incentives and experimental
research from psychology on motivation and external rewards.

moreover,The work from economics provides a framework for understanding
how the effect of incentives can vary from context to context and from
person to person. The work from psychology provides empirical results
showing how the behavior caused by incentives can vary from context to
context and from person to person. Although the committee focused in particular on theoretical. here Google Hacking Penetration

But Together, these two literature provide a picture of the complexity of the structure of incentives and an understanding of the subtle differences in their design that can be crucial in
determining their effects. but What You Don’t Understand Although we use these two research literatures
to structure our analysis, we also discuss some empirical results from economics, sociology, and personnel psychology where they are applicable. Incentives and Test-based Accountability in Education

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